Laravel error: Missing required parameters for route

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I keep getting this error

ErrorException in UrlGenerationException.php line 17:

When ever any page loads and I’m logged in.

Here is what my nav looks like

                <li><a href="{{ url('/login') }}">Log In</a></li>
                <li><a href="{{ url('/register') }}">Sign Up</a></li>
                <li class="dropdown">
                    <a href="#" class="dropdown-toggle" data-toggle="dropdown" role="button" aria-haspopup="true" aria-expanded="false">{{ Auth::user()->nickname }}<span class="caret"></span></a>
                    <ul class="dropdown-menu">
                        <li><a href="{{ route('user.profile') }}">Profile</a></li>
                        <li><a href="{{ route('user.settings') }}">Settings</a></li>
                        <li><a href="{{ url('/logout') }}">Log Out</a></li>

The problem I’m having is that the {{ route(‘user.profile’) }} is not working??

When i hit the link is is works fine but the page wont load becuase of this error??

Missing required parameters for [Route: user.profile] [URI: user/{nickname}/profile].

This is my routes file

Route::group(['middleware' => 'web'], function () {

Route::get('/', ['as' => 'home', 'uses' => 'BaseController@index']);

Route::group(['namespace' => 'User', 'prefix' => 'user'], function(){
    Route::get('{nickname}/settings', ['as' => 'user.settings', 'uses' => 'SettingsController@index']);
    Route::get('{nickname}/profile', ['as' => 'user.profile', 'uses' => 'ProfileController@index']);


You have to pass the route parameters to the route method, for example:

<li><a href="{{ route('user.profile', $nickname) }}">Profile</a></li>
<li><a href="{{ route('user.settings', $nickname) }}">Settings</a></li>

It’s because, both routes have a {nickname} in the route declaration. I’ve used $nickname for example but make sure you change the $nickname to appropriate value/variable, for example, it could be something like the following:

<li><a href="{{ route('user.settings', auth()->user()->nickname) }}">Settings</a></li>

Source: stackoverflow